22270.COM_雅思阅读失分原因及解决办法

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  不少黑龙江快3讨论群_彩经_彩发财生反映在考试中雅思阅读的时间最紧张,常常是做完了两个section, 时间也快到了。的确,在60分钟的时间里,不仅要阅读完总共约3500字的文章,并且要完成40道题目,还要准确无误地将40个题目的答案誊写到答题卡上。22270.COM这无疑对考生的阅读速度提出了很高的要求。下面是小编为您收集整理的22270.COM_雅思阅读失分原因及解决办法,供大家参考!

22270.COM_雅思阅读失分原因及解决办法

  22270.COM_雅思阅读失分原因及解决办法

  对于黑龙江快3讨论群_彩经_彩发财生们在课上和做题中的有些情况,我把影响同黑龙江快3讨论群_彩经_彩发财做好阅读题的原因和解决方法归为以下三个:

  首先,当然是词汇。22270.COM任何一篇内容相对复杂的阅读文章,都不可避免地出现大量生僻词语或者是难度相对较大的单词。22270.COM从文章的选材而言,范围是十分丰富的,主要来自世界各国主要的英文报刊杂志,内容涉及任何一个国家的文化、经济、自然和科技等。而IELTS考试所考查的,是实际运用语言的能力,所以在考试中真正需要理解的单词,或是题目中真正考查到的单词,往往是英语阅读中的一些最核心的单词。这些单词虽然数量不多,难度不大,但却是必须掌握的。就考试而言,掌握6000左右的常用词汇,即大黑龙江快3讨论群_彩经_彩发财六级大纲中所要求的词汇是必须的。

  第二,复杂的句型结构。有些同黑龙江快3讨论群_彩经_彩发财的词汇量已经达到了6000左右,但是依然感觉读不懂文章,这就是因为文章中充斥着大量结构复杂难以把握的复杂句。如:The challenge now is to develop policies and practices based on a presumption of shared responsibility between men and women, and a presumption that there are potential benefits for men and women, as well as for families and the community, if there is greater gender equality in the responsibilities and pleasures of family life. 这是一个相对复杂的句子,主干是the challenge now is to develop policies and practices, 从based on到句子的结尾处是由过去分词短语充当的状语。后一个presumption后面有一个由that引导的从句,充当presumption的同位语。在同位语的后面,有一个if 引导的条件状语从句。22270.COM一般而言,对同黑龙江快3讨论群_彩经_彩发财们造成障碍的是并列句或并列复合句,倒装结构,所以在训练时可以精挑一个语段做仔细分析。

  第三,题型多样化。这个障碍使原本已经拥有相当英语语言实力的考生,在考试中因为缺乏对题型的理解,或是被众多题型干扰,不能正常发挥。一些必考题型如list of headings, summary, T/F/NG等,可以作为练习重点。如summary题是很多同黑龙江快3讨论群_彩经_彩发财感到头痛的题型,普遍感到非常难找。其实不然,只要记住两大原则即可。原则一,顺序原则。summary题的答案排列顺序,必定与文章的行文顺序一致。原则二,完整的summary,不仅应该能够体现文章本身所表达的思想含义,而且必须是符合语法规律的英语文章。所以根据语法也可以进行判断。

  在准备考试的过程中,除了要做IELTS考题之外,还要进行泛读和快速阅读。泛读可以选择一些英美主流媒体的文章,在网站上可以找到,目的是熟悉单词和句型。快速阅读就是用扫描文章的方法对其结构有大致的了解,并把握其主旨。22270.COM同时,在重点句子和词汇上做出标记。这种方法对阅读考试帮助极大,平时可多加练习。22270.COM另外,为了提高阅读的速度还要养成良好的阅读习惯,不能边看边用嘴跟着读,眼、嘴并用必会降低阅读速度;一旦发现生词(这种情况绝大多数同黑龙江快3讨论群_彩经_彩发财都肯定要遇到),先不要紧张,要通过英语构词法(前缀、词根和后缀)来分析推测词义,或结合上下文、前后词语去猜测,如果根据上下文及前后词语还是无法确切了解其真正含义,可以再看一下这个词对整个句子所构成的影响是肯定的,还是否定的,实际上这对你理解作者的意图已足够了,实在不行就做上记号,将来看一看是否影响答题,如无影响就坚决忽略。

  雅思阅读之强调句的表达方式

  (1)“it”引导的强调句

  1)It + is/was + 被强调部分 + that/which/who/whom/whose + 句子的其他成分:

  在这一结构中,如果被强调部分是人,用"that",“who”,“whom”;如果被强调部分是物,用"that"或“which";强调状语时,只能用"that",不能用"when",“where” 和"why";强调的主语是复数,主句的谓语动词也得用单数。

  It was uncle Bill、whose telephone number I lost.

  It was we that/who arrived there first.

  It was because it rained heavily that they didn’t go outing.

  [注]①强调的成分通常为主语、宾语、宾补、状语以及由名词短语表示的主语补足语等。

  It is Alice that/who looks pretty.(强调主语)

  It was the wall that they painted white yesterday.(强调宾语)

  It was yesterday that he put the wall white.(强调状语)

  It Was the chairman of the Trade Union that we elected.(强调宾补)

  ②强调句中"who"或"that"后的谓语动词,应与前面被强调的名词或代词在人称、时态和数上保持一致。

  It is I who have responsible for the organization.

  It was he that/who painted the wall white yesterday.

  ③作表语的形容词不能用于强调句式。

  误:It is beautiful that Helen is.

  He is taller by far than any other student in his class.

  He is by far the taller of the two.

  ④“No matter”+“关系代词/关系副词”加强语气:

  No matter what you may say,1 won’t believe you.

  No matter when our motherland needs us.we’ll respond to her call.

  No matter how busy the president is,he often takes time off to give talks to the students.

  ⑤其他形容词、副词或词组用于加强语气:

  Put it right in the middle.

  Tom is absolutely right in doing this job.

  This is just the word the author uses in his article.

  I am anything but a kill-joy(扫兴的人).(=I am not a kill-joy at all.)

  He is nothing but a worker.(=He is only a worker.)

  He is nothing if not careful.(=He is very careful.)

  They are the truest of friends.

  The very act stepping on this soil was for me a far greater adventure.

  The newspaper reporters got excited at the very sight of the Nobel Prize Winner.

  It is beautiful song that Helen is singing.

  2)“It+情态动词+be+被强调部分+that+…”表示强调:

  It must be Mike that is listening to the music.

  It might have been John who was in the traffic jam.

  It would have been at that time that he went to live in London.

  3)“It is/was + not until+被强调部分+that+…”表示强调:

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