22270.COM_高考英语语法应试技巧

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  高考时,对于英语语法填空的应试技巧和解题技巧要相当注意,因为它们都是不练习就会退步的。下面是黑龙江快3讨论群_彩经_彩发财习啦小编给大家整理的22270.COM_高考英语语法应试技巧,供大家参阅!

  语法填空应试技巧

  该题型的命题形式为:在一篇200词左右的语言材料中留出10处空白的后面给出单词的基本形式,要求考生根据上下文填写空白处所需的内容(1个单词)或所提供单词的正确形式。

22270.COM  1.文章的首尾一、二句一般不留空格,至少应该保证第一句的完整,以帮助黑龙江快3讨论群_彩经_彩发财生进入文章内容,了解作者的写作风格,便于后面的填空。短文没有超出课标的生词,但可以有课标词汇的派生词。

22270.COM  2.文章中的人名、地名等专有名词,以及日期、数字等不能作为空格。因为这类信息如果只在文章中出现一次,黑龙江快3讨论群_彩经_彩发财生无法根据语言线索或其他线索填出这些空格。

  3.纯空格题通常考查体现上下文逻辑关系的纽带词汇,如冠词、介词、代词和连词等;给提示词的填空通常考查实词,如名词的单复数、谓语动词的时态和语态、非谓语动词、形容词和副词的比较级和最高级、词类转换等,答案可能是一个单词、两个单词或两个以上的单词。

  4.设题不以黑龙江快3讨论群_彩经_彩发财生常范的语法错误作为考点。22270.COM语法中的“偏”、“难”、“怪”等考查方向与文章理解没有直接关系,将会偏离测试目标,从而误导黑龙江快3讨论群_彩经_彩发财生。因此语法填空主要测试黑龙江快3讨论群_彩经_彩发财生的语言应用能力。

  做题前,首先要结合上下文先对划空句子进行仔细阅读,注意有无提示词语;然后

  判断所填词语在句子中所充当的成分,例如,主语、谓语、状语等;最后根据所充当句子的比较级或者最高级等。

  如果句子中没有提示词或者标志词存在,考生要根据句子中所填词语的位置,判断

  所填词语的属性,例如,连接词、定冠词或者不定冠词、代词或者介词等。22270.COM定冠词以及不定冠词的位置通常在名词之前,做到对名词进行限制的作用。而代词则分为形容词性物主代词、名词性物主代词、指示代词和不定代词等。在运用介词的时候,往往考查介词的固定搭配,其中包括动词、形容词等与介词的搭配。

  22270.COM_高考英语语法应试技巧:解题技巧

  首先,分析句子结构,确定填哪类词;然后,根据句子意思确定填什么词或根据两句间的逻辑关系,确定用什么样的关联词,主要有以下七种情况:

  ①名词前若没有限定词(冠词、形容词性物主代词,不定代词等),很可能要填限定词。 例1.(2015课标I卷)

  A few hours before ,I‟d been at home in Hong Kong , with Its 此处用形容词性物主代词修饰 choking smog 。

  ②句中不缺主语、表语,动词后不缺宾语的情况下,名词或代词前面一定是填介词。 例2.(2015课标I卷)

  For those who fly to Guilin , it‟s only an hour awayof the better-known city .

  By 根据后面的car 可知,此处用介词by 构成固定表达,by car“乘坐汽车”。22270.COM ③若两个或几个单词或短语之间没有连词,可能填连词。

  例3.(2014课标I卷)

  But the river wasn‟t changed in a few days even a few months .

22270.COM  Or 根据句意可知,a few days 与 a few months 之间为并列关系,因为这是在否定句中,所以用or 连接。

  ④若两句之间没有连词,也没有分号或句号,很可能填并列连词、从属连词或定语从句与名词性从句的连接词等。

  例4.(2015课标I卷)

  I‟d skipped nearby Guilin , a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River are pictured by artists in so many Chinese paintings .

  That/which 分析句子结构可知,此处为定语从句,从句中缺少主语,所以用that 或which来引导。

  例5.(2014课标II卷) and disappointed .

22270.COM  and前后两个句子之间是并列关系,因此使用and连接。

  ⑤若结构较完整,空格后的谓语动词是圆形,特别是与上下文的时态不一致时,很可能是填情态动词或表示强调或倒装的助动词(do,does , did 等)。

  例6.(2014课标II卷) anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?

  Did 这是一个一般疑问句,谓语动词是实义动词lose,因此应该使用助动词;结合地点状语at the last stop 确定使用一般过去时。

  ⑥缺主语或宾语,很可能填代词或名词(代词考的更多)

  例7.(2015.广东) that his farm had much potential and that the death of cow was a bit of luck .

  him 分析句子结构可知,此处缺少的是occurred to的宾语,根据上文内容可知,应该用代词him指代上文提到的约翰逊。

  ⑦由特殊的句式结构来判断空格处应填的词。这些特殊句式有:强调句、倒装句、it用作形式主语或形式宾语、so/such...that句型和more...than...等。

  例8.(2014.上海)

  Not until I returned(32) _____I reailze that a quiet town life was the best for me .

  Did 这是一个部分倒装句式,通常需要把主句的系动词、助动词或情态动词提到主语前面;结合上下文可知,此处应使用一般过去时,所以用did.

  2.给出动词提示词填空的解题技巧

  ①若句中没有别的谓语动词,或者虽然已有谓语动词,但需填的动词与之是并列关系时,所给动词就是谓语动词;若句中缺少谓语动词,就要考虑所给动词的时态和语态。 例9.(2015课标I卷)

  It was raining lightly when I (arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn .

22270.COM  Arrived 分句子结构可知,此处为时间状语从句中的谓语动词,根据主句的谓语 was raining 可知,此处用一般过去时。

  例10.(2015课标I卷)

  Yangshuo (be) really beautiful .

  is 句子的主语是Yangshuo,该句描述的是客观事实,所以此处的谓语动词用一般现在时,且为单数形式。

  ②若句中已有谓语动词,又不缺少并列谓语时,所给动词就是非谓语动词。若是非谓语动词就要确定用v.-ing形式、v.-ed形式,还是用不定式形式。

  例11.(2015课标I卷)

  A study of travelers (conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world .

  Conducted 分析句子结构可知,该句的谓语动词是names,所以此处为非谓语动词,study与conduct之间存在被动关系,所以用过去形式作后置定语。

  例12.(2015课标II卷)

  When a new day breaks , the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough (cool) the house during the hot day...

  To cool根据前面的 are now cold enough可知,此处用不动词形式做结果状语。

  3.词类转换题的解题技巧

  根据该词所做句子成分确定所给单词的哪种形式,例如:作表语、定语或补语,通常用形容词形式;修饰动词、形容词或副词,通常用副词形式;此外,还要根据句意和上下文的语境考虑使用形容词或副词的原级、比较级、最高级。

  例13.(2015课标I卷)

  Abercrombie &Kent , a travel company in Hong Kong, says it (regular) arranges quick getaways here for people living in Shanghai and Hong Kong .

  Regularly 此处缺少的是修饰谓语动词arranges 的成分,所以用副词形式。

  例14.(2015课标II卷) (nature) architects , the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly how thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days .

  Natural根据后面的architects可知,此处应该使用形容词修饰该名词,所以应用natural。

  巩固提升 Yangshuo, China

  It was raining lightly when I__61__(arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn. But I didn‟t care. A few hours__62__, I‟d been at home in Hong Kong, with __63_(it) choking smog. Here, the air was clean and fresh, even with the rain.

  I‟d skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark

  waters of the Li River_64__are pictured by artists in so many Chinese _65__(painting). Instead, I „d head straight for Yangshuo. For those who fly to Guilin, it‟s only an hour away__66_ car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city. Yangshuo__67__(be) really beautiful. A study of travelers_68__(conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world. And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia. Abercrombie & Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it_69__(regular) arranges quick getaways here for people_70__(live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

  22270.COM_高考英语语法应试技巧:语法填空热身练习

  Are you facing a situation that looks impossible to fix?

  In 1969,the pollution was terrible along the Cuyahoga River Cleveland, Ohio. It (be)unimaginable that it could ever be cleaned up. The river was so polluted that it (actual)caught fire and burned. Now, ears later, this river is one of most outstanding examples of environmental cleanup.

  But the river wasn‟t changed in a few days even a few months. It took years of

  work (reduce ) the industrial pollution and clean the water. Finally, that hard

  work paid off and now the water in the river is Maybe you are facing an impossible situation. Maybe you leave a habit is driving your family crazy. Possibly you drink too much or don‟t know how to control your credit card use. When you face such an impossible situation ,don‟t you want a quick fix and something to change immediately?

  While there are (change) are gradual and require a lot of effort and work, like cleaning up a polluted river. Just be (patience)

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